Pamban Road Bridge: Annai Indira Gandhi Bridge

Pamban road bridge

The Pamban Road Bridge connects the National Highway (NH 49) with the Rameswaram island. It stands  on the palk strait and between the shores of Mandapam (Place on the Indian Main land)  and Pamban (One of the fishermen town  in Rameswaram island). And it stands parallel to the Pamban Rail Bridge

Quick History of Pamban Road Bridge

After the cyclone of 1964, A plan for a Road bridge parallel to the Existed Railway bridge was proposed by the Tamilnadu Government,  but it was cancelled by Indian Railway Ministry .

The construction works of Pamban Road bridge was commenced on 17.11.1974 by the Indian Highway department . (By that time they estimate the cost for built this bridge as 537.57 Lakhs !! J ) and contracted to  M/S Neelakandan Brothers Engs ., Madras .

 After the 1978 cyclone the work was carried out slowly,  After  few years  the construction work contract  was given to the New Gammon India Ltd., (The Government sanctioned 16.6514 crore INR  by 1986).

The work was completed on 1988 , ( It takes merely 14 years to complete this Engineering Marvel ).

This Road Bridge was named as ANNAI INDIRA GANDHI ROAD BRIDGE, and inaugurated by former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi On the date of October 2, 1988.

Renovation Works:

The Anti corrosive coating painting works were done in 1992 and 2002 ,  It is proposed that the anti-corrosive coatings should be given once in every five years  because of its location (Located in second  most corrosive environment after Miami,US).

On January 2013 ,  The Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways had sanctioned the renovation project for Rs. 18.57 crores. The Bridge was renovated and given a anti corrosive coating, Sources said the  the piers, were  painted with coal tar epoxy, and the non-splash zone with epoxy primer. The 592 old bearings were replaced and the electrical cables and the lamp posts were repaired.

Architecture of Pamban Bridge:

The arch shaped architecture of the bridge, and its height from the sea level  let the ships and boats pass beneath its piers (Pillars) without any disturbance (The pamban cantilever rail bridge has gate like passage arrangement named “Scherzer Roll”  in the middle of it) .

The massive dimensions , facts and figures of the Pamban Road Bridge are given Below

Name of the Bridge Annai Indira Gandhi Bridge
Commonly referred Names Indhra Gandhi Bridge, Pamban Bridge, Pamban Road Bridge
Opened on 1988, 2nd October
The structural Design Arch Bridge
The Length of the Pamban Road Bridge 2.345 KM
The Total Number Of Pillars (Piers) holding the Bridge 79 Pillars
The Length of the Pamban Road Bridge 2.345 KM
The Total Number Of Pillars (Piers) holding the Bridge 79 Pillars
Number of Pillars (Piers) Stands inside the Sea 64  pillars
The Maximum Height of the Bridge from the sea level 17.68 M
The Number of Electrical Lamp posts on the bridge 174 Lamp Poles
Connecting Places Mandapam and Pamban
Lane two lane
Region Over the Palk strait
Location 2824167° N 79.1889222° E

To Know about Pamban Railway Bridge click here

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